Watch the movie Thirteen Days (Roger Donaldson, 2000) through the link provided below. You will need to log in with your SDSU Gmail address and pass You can turn on the closed caption (subtitles) by clicking on the vertical ellipsis sign”⋮“located on the screen’s right bottom corner. (Links to an external site.)


1) Why is it difficult to make decisions? What type of decisions are they?

2) Who is involved in the decision-making process in addition to the President? What is the name of the committee?

3) What is the impact of time pressure and uncertainty on decision-makers?

4) Do decision-makers face moral dilemmas? Do they employ historical analogies (e.g., past experiences from world history) when interpreting the situation and possible consequences?

5) In the light of Graham Allison’s governmental decision-making model, is it possible to control every agency/actor within the government? Are there situations in which the Kennedy Administration losing its control over the events? (You may refer to the fifth chapter of the textbook for this question).