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This course has brought a new awareness to formulating researchable problems, using a systematic and scholarly approach that has the power and capability to improve patient outcomes. Through the use of credible scientific, evidence-based research, we as nurses can change the future and develop our research skills further to create new evidence-based changes in not only nursing but in healthcare in general. The experience of developing a possible research proposal on a nursing practice issue has brought a whole new understanding and respect for those individuals who conduct this type of research on a daily basis. The process and efforts involved in the development of a research proposal can be tremendous, and the methodical detail and protocol required take a very disciplined person. However, I am glad I was exposed to the process because I may need to conduct a research project in the future, this class has shown me the process and has decreased my anxiety about the research process.
I learned that there are International Human Research guidelines, protecting human participants in 130 countries around the world. This, however, does not protect human participants in every country, allowing those who wish to conduct unethical and inhumane experiments to continue inflicting harm to their fellow man in the name of “research”. It is very important to maintain ethical standards to prevent violations of human rights and the abuses made in the past when conducting research with human beings. In 1979, the Belmont Commission Report defined few ethical principles for the protection on humans in research serving as guideline for future practice (Rebar, Macnee, Gersch, & McCabe, 2011). Currently, in the participating countries, there are over 1000 laws, regulations, and guidelines on human subject protections that are very specific as to the expectations (Health & Human Services, 2018). Education is the key to reducing unethical practice, by learning and practicing all ethical principles.