Read the summery and power point presintation and write the comment for each one. 

In order to provide quality and precise care to children with thyroid dysfunction,  clinicians can’t just treat children as small adults. Children have different normal ranges and  organ development than adults therefor their treatment must accommodate those differences.  Despite these difference however, there is limited research and information documented about  these ranges, leaving hospitals and clinics to average their own range references. This in itself is  a challenge due to the lack of sufficient blood samples and volume restraints. To help alleviate  these challenges however, a study was performed to help establish ranges in children and  adolescents by collecting samples from 8 different collection sites and analyzing the data that  was gathered. This research helps establish testing ranges which aids in the diagnosis and  treatment of disorders such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Grave’s disease (Rogers 2017).

Sources Rogers,  L. C. (2017). Pediatric thyroid testing plays an essential role in  disease management. MLO: Medical Laboratory Observer, 49(5), 18–19.  Retrieved from


Summary of “Echocardiography basics for the nurse in cardiovascular care” An Echocardiogram is used to assess the structure and function of the heart. There are  two ways to perform an echocardiogram, transthoracic or transesophageal. Transthoracic is less  invasive but transesophageal can give a clearer image of the smaller structures of the heart. The  echocardiogram can measure continuous wave, pulse wave, color mapping, and tissue to get a  better picture of the heart function. A patient could expect to see a summary, report, and numbers  portion of their echocardiogram results. Echocardiogram is indicated in multiple heart  abnormalities such a heart murmur, suspected cardia masses, and prosthetic valve assessment to  name a few. Echocardiogram is a versatile and widely used imaging technique for the heart.