Reading reflection- Chapter 12 & 13

This week we focused on chapter 12 and 13 of the book. I took particular interest in chapter 13, whose main topic of discussion is the recruitment of participants in research. Tappen provides us with ten crucial steps that can be used to enroll proper participants for a study/research. They are specifying the size and composition for the research, developing the right criteria, having contact with the potential participants, disseminating each of he participants, asking the potential participants about their interest, asking for consent from the participants, screening the participants to see if they fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the research, enrolling the selected participants to the research, retaining them throughout the research period, and using participants that can be used in the reporting of the research results (Tappen, 2016).

She also provides us with ways in which researchers can attract and get through to potential participants. They include using electronic sources such as emails, internet, radio, televisions, local newspapers, publications and other sources to advertise for the recruitment, and using incentives that would attract the potential participants like a list of benefits they will receive while participating (Weng & Embi, 2019). The incentives may be free access to basic health services throughout the study, or an opportunity to access and interact with different kinds of health specialists.


Tappen, R. M. (2016). Advanced Nursing Research: from theory to practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Weng, C., & Embi, P. J. (2019). Informatics Approaches to Participant Recruitment. Health Informatics, 109-122. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-98779-8_6

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