Use the outline you developed in Assessment 4 to draft and revise a 4-6-page cause-and-effect essay on a topic of your choice.

The purpose of a cause-and-effect essay is to show how an action or event caused specific effects to happen. In developing a cause-and-effect essay, you will often find that most situations are more complicated than they may seem, with many causes playing a part in a single effect.

In the workplace, you may be asked to write a report that looks at the factors contributing to a decline in sales or to a sudden increase in employee attrition. You will need to be able to look at each situation from multiple perspectives in order to present the most accurate picture.

Developing a draft is your chance to see how well you have organized your thoughts. After you write your draft, take a moment to look critically at what you have written:

  • Does your essay say what you wanted it to say?
  • Will a reader understand what you are saying?
  • Have you focused on the most immediate and direct causes?
  • Have you provided supporting evidence?

These are just some of the questions to consider as you work on this assessment. The assessment you submit should be the final version of your essay.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competency through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 2: Apply information and use literacy skills to produce evidence-based written work.
    • Integrate relevant supporting references from scholarly sources.
  • Competency 3: Apply prewriting, planning, drafting, and revision skills.
    • Apply accepted conventions of editing and revision.
  • Competency 4: Apply accepted style conventions and written expression skills.
    • Use accepted methods for explaining cause and effect.
    • Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of APA format, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.


In Assessment 4, you developed an outline as part of the prewriting process to help you organize and prepare to write your cause-and-effect essay. In this assessment, you will use that outline, along with the feedback you received from your faculty, to draft and revise the complete essay.


Write a 4–6-page cause-and-effect essay on a topic of your choice. Your essay should include the following:

  • Develop a draft of your cause-and-effect essay. Be sure you:
    • Identify your topic situation or event clearly.
    • Discuss the causes of the situation or event.
    • Identify the effects of the situation or event.
    • Develop a discussion of the effects of the situation or event.
    • Identify patterns that explain why things turned out the way they did.
  • Write a clear introductory paragraph, thesis statement, and conclusion.
  • Use relevant evidence to support your statements.
  • Re-read your essay before you submit:
    • Are there any grammatical or mechanical errors?
    • Are there any typos?
    • Is your writing style clear and concise?
    • Do you have a clear thesis statement and introduction?
    • Is your APA formatting correct?
  • Edit and revise your essay.
  • Explain the steps you followed in your editing and revision process. Do not submit your assessment without this explanation!
Additional Requirements
  • Style and Format: Use current APA style for references. Include a title page and references page.
  • Length: Compose 4–6 pages in addition to the title page and references page.
  • Resources: Cite a minimum of three resources.
  • Font: Use Times New Roman, 12 point.