1. Assume you have just started your own business and are ready to hire some employees. How could you use the ARDM model to guide your initial HR strategy?

2. The productivity of the workforce is essential for the success of an organization. What HRM activities and programs can impact productivity?

3. Historically HRM activities were developed and implemented by a department or functional unit. Today however, operating managers are often responsible for applying and modifying HRM tools and a c tivities. Why has this change occurred?

4. What role does education play in the fastest-growing occupations?

5. Why must external environmental forces be considered in the designing an HRM program?