Peggy McIntosh stated, “White privilege is like an invisible weightless knapsack of special provisions, assurances, tools, maps, guides, codebooks, passports, visas, clothes, compass, emergency gear, and blank checks.” (Harvey & Allard, 2014, p29). 

Others see advantages to success rooted in “dominant culture privilege” rather than “white privilege”.  In other words, the more a person adopts the societal and business norms of the dominant culture, the more likely they are to succeed, no matter their heritage.     

To which (or both) of these theories do you subscribe and why?