Use this exercise to practice using the D.A.I.J method of critique along with the sophomore review vocabulary study guide to critique Hellichtung by Neo Rausch


Write 4 paragraphs composed of 3-5 sentences each. Write one paragraph for each of the categories below

Describe-Begin with an objective visual description of what you see.

Analyze-Next, write a formal analysis making use of terms from your vocabulary study guide.

Interpret-Then, articulate your interpretation of the painting, moving away from statements of ‘I like’ ‘it’s cool’ or ‘because I do’, in favor of a rich description of your intellectual, visual, and emotional experience or understanding of the artwork

Judge-Finish with a judgment of the works success in relation to the elements and principles of design and the works presented narrative.


1. Contour – A line used to follow the edges of forms and thus describe their outlines.

2. Volume  – The appearance of height, width, and depth in a form.

3. Negative Space – Unoccupied areas of empty space surrounding the objects or figures in a composition.

4. Principles of Design – General guidelines for organizing a work of art.

5. Focal Point/Emphasis – The design principle that focuses a viewers attention by accentuating certain elements through the use of contrast, placement, or by isolating an element.

1. Secondary Color – A mixture      of any two primary colors.

7. Gesture – A line that does not stay at the edges but moves freely within forms. These lines record movement of the eye as well as implying motion in the form.

8. Abstraction – A visual representation that may have little resemblance to the real world. It can occur through a process of simplification or distortion in an attempt to communicate an essential aspect of a form or concept.

9. Proportion – Size measured against other elements or against a mental norm or standard.

10. Iconography – Use of symbols to convey meaning.

11. Subject Matter – The term used to describe aspects of the work: people, landforms, vase, etc.

12. Realism – An approach to artwork based on the faithful reproduction of surface appearances with fidelity to visual perception.

1. Media – Materials used to      create an image or object.

14. Unity – The presentation of an integrated image. An agreement that exists between the elements of design.

15. Asymmetrical Balance – A design principle that is said to exist when the right and left sides of a composition bear visibly different shapes, colors, textures, or other elements, yet they are arranged or “weighted” in such a way that the impression, in total, is one of equal visual weight.

16. Picture Plane – The two-dimensional surface on which shapes are organized into a composition.

17. Monochromatic – A color scheme using only one hue with varying degrees of value or intensity.

18. Repetition – Using the same visual element over again within the same composition.

1. Value – A measure of      relative lightness or darkness.

20. Implied Line – An invisible line created by positioning a series of points so that the eye will connect them and thus creating movement across the picture plane.

21. Complementary – A color scheme incorporating opposite hues on the color wheel. These colors accentuate each other in juxtaposition and neutralize each other in mixture.

22. Expressionism – A type of art work that places emphasis on the emotions.

1. Line – A path or mark made      by a moving point.

24. Positive Shape – Any shape or object distinguished from the background.

25. Perspective – A system of representing three dimensional objects in space on a two dimensional surface.

26. Composition – The organization of the visual elements and principles in a work of art.

27. Content – An idea conveyed through the artwork that implies the subject matter, story, or information the artist communicates to the viewer.

28. Nonobjective/Nonrepresentational – A type of artwork with absolutely no reference to, or representation of, the natural world. The artwork is the reality.

29. Elements of Design – Basic structural components of a work of art.

1. Radial Symmetry – Design elements      radiate from a central point like the spokes of a wheel.

2. Mass – A solid      three-dimensional form. 

3. Space -The area within or around      an area of substance.

4. Mixed Media – Works of art      made with more than one medium using a combination of different materials      to create a visually and physically coherent whole.

34. Scale – Refers to the size of a form when compared with human size.

35. Grid – A visual or physical structure created from intersecting parallel lines.

36. Graphic Design Working with words and pictures to enhance visual communication.

37. Digital Art A broad term used to describe a large variety of art generated with digital technology.

38. Aesthetics The study and philosophy of the quality and nature of sensory responses related to, but not limited by the concept of beauty. 

39. Analogous – Color schemes that are based on colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel, each containing the same pure hue such as yellow-green, green and blue-green.

40. Texture – Texture can be implied through creating the illusion of texture or be an actual texture that can be touched.