Could you say more about the primary reasons for the increase in immigration from southern and eastern Europe to the U.S. after 1880? What motivated this widespread movement, and what would you identify as the major contributions of these immigrants after they arrived in the U.S.?

Your analysis here brings to mind the roots of the need for Progressive reform–more generally, can you describe the reasons why such reforms were necessary during this period? What were the primary social, political, and economic causes of the Progressive Era, and what might these reveal about the nature of modern industrial American society and life?

200 words response to both with 1 reference