As you proceed through the course, consider the portfolio of risks that the organization faces:

Operational (supply chain disruptions, quality control disruptions, health and safety violations, natural disasters)
Legal (employment discrimination or harassment accusations)
Financial (currency or interest rate swings)
Data security

These risks are inherent in any projection of the future, they are inherent characteristics of any financial analysis, to be evaluated, quantified, and clearly communicated.
For example, an investment proposal analysis could:

Demonstrate careful consideration of the various risks, and how they would affect the outcome
Provide trigger points and contingency actions to allow future course corrections (or even project cancellation points)