“Life and Times of Civil Rights Speaker” Speech
Analysis of Persuasive Elements
A. Choose a Famous Orator/Speaker who you would like to investigate for his/her persuasive Rhetoric Skills.
B. Research this person and his/her speech with regard to the techniques discussed in your Bb online Reading and Viewings, utilizing the criteria listed below.
Please follow the basic formula designated in the handout attached herewith to critique your chosen speaker’s skills as well as you own in relating them.
C. The speeches will be a minimum of eight to (8-10) minutes in length (which can go as long as 20 minutes since you will be presenting it for an audience of one through YouTube.
D. Use the following Main Points:
|I.||Orator’s BackgroundA. Early YearsB. Professional Career|
|II.||Orator’s Professional Rhetorical Skills (Orator’s Communication Skills)A. Structural Elements of Orator’s Speech i.e. ELP/Rhetorical DevicesB. Non Verbal Communication (Posture, Poise, Eye Contact, Audience FocusC. Oral Delivery Orator employs i.e. Volume, Pitch, rate,Overall Quality of sound, choice of language.|
|III.||Legacy of Orator’s Rhetoric/Life and Times|
|A. Exigence – What was happening in that society at that time – politically and socially – that compelled s/he to craft and share the speech and thus change the fabric of that society through the power of language.|
|B. Why do we remember this particular Orator – what made him/her special?|
Under Course Materials at the left menu there are three links to help you create your presentation:
· Read the Chapters on outlining in the Lucas textbook “Art of Public Speaking”
· View the Voice Thread on how to craft the speech and
· Look at the Student Sample of backup materials (which is a completely different topic and purpose than your Oral Report but will have the same steps to follow in creating your backup materials in the Harvard Standard outline format. The Voice Thread relates to this particular speech as well.
· You will have a rudimentary, rough draft of your Annotated Bibliography due first;
· Then the first rough draft of the body of your speech will be due
· This will have the above three Main Points;
· Add on the Introduction and Conclusion to your Preparation Full Sentenced Outline;
· Check/edit for citing of sources, defining terms and correct grammar
· Practice with this full sentenced Preparation outline in the Standard Harvard format until you really know each section in your bones.
· Keeping the same outline numbering, laser/pare down your sentences to a word or a key phrased Speaking Outline
· Place Speaking Outline on Indexed cards to relate to while speaking.
· Practice with this Speaking Outline and your Visual Aids.
It all sounds more complex than it really is. Your outlining ability will NOT be held to the same standard that a full Public Speaking course would be.
If you need help we can coach you on this process via phone, Skype or email me for an appt if you are on campus as well.
All oral presentation BACKUP MATERIALS MUST BE TYPED on 8 ½ x 11 paper
and submitted to Professor the day of your presentation.
Below are materials from one of the online sites which should be of help with your analyses.
Speech Analysis: Franklin Roosevelt Pearl Harbor Address
Speech Analysis: Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain”
The 25 Public Speaking Skills Every Speaker Must Have
by Andrew Dlugan Oct 31st, 2007
Every public speaker should be able to:
1. Research a topic – Good speakers stick to what they know. Great speakers research what they need to convey their message.
2. Help your audience grasp your message by focusing on your message. Stories, humour, or other “sidebars” should connect to the core idea. Anything that doesn’t needs to be edited out.
3. A well-organized presentation can be absorbed with minimal mental strain. Bridging is key.
4. Employ, facts, and – Don’t include these for the sake of including them, but do use them appropriately to complement your ideas.
5. Metaphors enhance the understandability of the message in a way that direct language often can not.
6. Everyone loves a story. Points wrapped up in a story are more memorable, too!
7. and – The body of your presentation should be strong too, but your audience will remember your first and last words (if, indeed, they remember anything at all).
8. Knowing when to use humour is essential. So is developing the comedic timing to deliver it with greatest effect.
9. A monotone voice is like fingernails on the chalkboard.
10. Punctuate words with – Gestures should complement your words in harmony. Tell them how big the fish was, and show them with your arms.
11. Utilize 3-dimensional space – Chaining yourself to the lectern limits the energy and passion you can exhibit. Lose the notes, and lose the chain.
12. Complement words with visual aids – Visual aids should aid the message; they should not be the message. Read and adopt the techniques.
13. Deliver the message they want (or need) to hear.
14. – Eye contact is only the first step. Aim to have the audience conclude “This speaker is just like me!” The sooner, the better.
15. Interact with the audience – Ask questions (and care about the answers). Solicit volunteers. Make your presentation a dialogue.
16. Not every speaking opportunity affords a Q&A session, but understand how to lead one productively. Use the Q&A to solidify the impression that you are an expert, not (just) a speaker.
17. Lead a discussion – Again, not every speaking opportunity affords time for a discussion, but know how to engage the audience productively.
18. Maybe you have 2 minutes. Maybe you have 45. Either way, customize your presentation to fit the time allowed, and respect your audience by not going over time.
19. Set the context and make sure the audience is ready to go, whether the introduction is for you or for someone else.
20. Exhibit confidence and poise – These qualities are sometimes difficult for a speaker to attain, but easy for an audience to sense.
21. Maybe the lights will go out. Maybe the projector is dead. Have a plan to handle every situation.
22. Impromptu speaking (before, after, or during a presentation) leaves a lasting impression too. Doing it well tells the audience that you are personable, and that you are an expert who knows their stuff beyond the slides and prepared speech.
23. Seek and utilize feedback – Understand that no presentation or presenter (yes, even you!) is perfect. Aim for continuous improvement, and understand that the best way to improve is to solicit candid feedback from as many people as you can.
24. Study the strengths and weakness of other speakers.
25. Act and speak ethically – Since public speaking fears are so common, realize the tremendous power of influence that you hold. Use this power responsibly.