After reading the chapter and watching the video below, discuss lobbying, whether you think it (lobbying) is “”shady business”” or a legitimate means of supporting worthwhile government initiatives.
Important Note: You should create an initial thread of at least 50 words and respond to at least two threads created by classmates. Your initial response ONLY should contain supporting data and the sources of your data (using MLA “”in-text”” and “”Work Cited”” citation formatting. See highlighted Example below video). Responses to peers should be thoughtful, substantive, and a minimum of 25 words, but does not require a source citation. This assignment and the opportunity to respond will not be available/visible after the due date.

terrorist leader

“We have been focusing upon how those at the top of terrorist groups perform leadership roles and influence various audiences (both within their organizations and to the world at large). For this research paper compare and contrast the leadership and communication techniques of former al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden with those of one other terrorist leader. Select one other terrorist leader from al Qaeda or affiliated groups such as Zawahiri, Baghdadi or Awlaki to compare and contrast with bin Laden’s leadership and communication approaches. State the topic in your paper.

Ayman al-Zawahiri (al Qaeda successor of Osama bin Laden)
Gohel, S. M. (2017) Deciphering Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qaeda’s strategic and ideological imperatives. Perspectives on Terrorism, 11 (1). pp. 54-67. ISSN 2334-3745. Retrieved from
Ayman al-Zawahiri (2018). The Counter Extremist Project. Retrieved from  
Sude, B. (2015, September). Assessing Al-Qa`ida Central’s Resilience. Retrieved from
Council on Foreign Relations. (2011, July 14). Profile: Ayman al-Zawahiri. Retrieved from

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham [ISIS] leader)
McCants, W. (2015, September 1). The Believer. Retrieved from
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (2018). The Counter Extremist Project Retrieved from
Atwan, A. B. (2015). A Portrait of Caliph Ibrahim. The Cato Review. Retrieved from

Anwar al-Awlaki (al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula leader, online jihadist radicalizer)
Shane, S. (2017). The Enduring Influence of Anwar al-Awlaki in the Age of the Islamic State. Retrieved from
Anwar al-Awlaki (2018). The Counter Extremist Project Retrieved from
Zimmerman, K. (2010, March 12). Militant Islam’s Global Preacher: The Radicalizing Effect of Sheikh Anwar al Awlaki. Critical Threats. Retrieved from

Assignment Specifics:

The body of your report is to be at least FOUR FULL pages in length (not counting title page and references) and is to contain the following:
A brief (defined/ stated) introduction, with the topic and your thesis
A main body, containing the “”meat”” of the paper, where you provide the requested information supported by class readings and with your analysis
A (defined/stated) conclusion, summarizing your information clearly and concisely